Technology is the application of scientific knowledge to achieve practical aims. It is a hugely important field that has given rise to many complex tools, machines and systems. These can be incredibly useful in daily life for things such as printing documents, scanning and emailing files or even helping us to find our way around using GPS tracking.
Modern technological development has led to great improvements in human living conditions, from the prehistoric discovery of how to control fire, to allowing humans to build larger ships and travel further to explore new lands and the modern inventions of electricity and atomic energy. However, the benefits of technology are not without drawbacks. The advancement of technology can allow criminals to commit cyber attacks and steal sensitive data, leaving businesses and individuals vulnerable. Furthermore, if not used wisely, technology can become addictive and lead to people spending too much time behind their screens, which can affect social interaction, mental health and sleep patterns.
What is more, the development of technology can have a negative impact on the natural world as well. The use of complex machines and systems can result in pollution, which harms the environment and wildlife. Nevertheless, it is possible to minimise the impact of technology on the environment by recycling electronic waste and supporting sustainable production techniques. It is also necessary to increase digital literacy and support initiatives for closing the digital divide.